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According to Unesco


The term cultural heritage encompasses several main categories of heritage:


  • Cultural heritage

  • Tangible cultural heritage:

movable cultural heritage (paintings, sculptures, coins, manuscripts)

immovable cultural heritage (monuments, archaeological sites, and so on)

underwater cultural heritage (shipwrecks, underwater ruins and cities)


  • Intangible cultural heritage: 

oral traditions, performing arts, rituals


  • Natural heritage: natural sites with cultural aspects such as cultural landscapes, physical, biological or geological formations


  • Heritage in the event of armed conflict 


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According to the European Commission


Europe’s cultural heritage is a rich and diverse mosaic of cultural and creative expressions, an inheritance from previous generations of Europeans and a legacy for those to come. It includes natural, built and archaeological sites, museums, monuments, artworks, historic cities, literary, musical and audiovisual works, and the knowledge, practices and traditions of European citizens.


While policy in this area is primarily the responsibility of Member States andregional and local authorities, the EU is committed to safeguarding and enhancing Europe's cultural heritage through a number of policies and programmes.


At this link  it is possible to read all the information to understand the definition of European Cultural Heritage.


Specifically, the most interesting thing about our project is:


EU Policy for cultural heritage


Europe's cultural heritage is a shared source of remembrance, understanding, identity, dialogue, cohesion and creativity. It encompasses a broad spectrum of resources inherited from the past in all forms and aspects. Cultural heritage is


  1. tangible (castles, museums, works of art)

  2. intangible (songs, traditions, etc.)

  3. digital (born-digital and digitised)


It includes monuments, sites, landscapes, skills, practices, knowledge and expressions of human creativity. Collections conserved and managed by public and private bodies - such as museums, libraries and archives - and film heritage are also part of cultural heritage.


Cultural heritage: a driving force for the cultural and creative sectors


Cultural heritage enriches the lives of people. It is also a driving force for the cultural and creative sectors, and plays a role in creating and enhancing Europe's social capital.


Cultural heritage is an important resource for economic growth, employment and social cohesion. Read more: 


Mapping EU support for cultural heritage in Europe

To celebrate the European Year of Cultural Heritage in 2018 the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) developed a series of interactive maps to gather visual information related to heritage.


This web app features information about the following programmes and initiatives:


  1. European Heritage Label

  2. European Capitals of Culture

  3. UNESCO World Heritage List in Europe

  4. Information about the heritage under threat in Europe

  5. Europe’s Digital Library

  6. DiscoverEU

  7. Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor

  8. Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe


Cultural Gems

Cultural Gems maps cultural and creative places in European cities. It is a spin-off of the Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor, which assesses the performance of Cultural and Creative Cities in Europe. The tool is free and open source, and is developed by the JRC.


Find out more about Cultural Gems here 



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