top of page
  • csbprojectitaly

The creative sector and class of society by Tomas Kačerauskas from VGTU of Vilnius

Updated: Jan 9, 2021

Creative sector consists of such areas as advertising, architecture, art, crafts, design, fashion, films, music, publishing, software, toys, television etc. The creative areas are described and grouped in different lists suggested both by government and by scholars. The workers in creative sector formate the creative class although the latter is a broader concept. Creative class covers economic and creative aspects. Here, we face the problems of definition and of demarcation. Scholars (R. Florida) identify the following features of the creative class: individuality, meritocracy, diversity and openness. Creative class can be defined only by comparing it with a less creative class but is is hardly possible in the context of creative society.

Keywords: creative sector, creative class, creative society, creative workers, creative environment, governmental list of CS, creative activity, creative lifestyle.


Creativity concepts are ambivalent. We have also a variety of creative sector lists defined by both scientists and governments. As regards creative sector theorists, Howkins is one of the few scholars who explicitly presents this list: in his book Creative Economy, he consistently examines various areas of the creative sector. The creative sector is also being studied by other scientists from the creative class creative city art, economic relations, innovative economy, regional studies, tourism studies, political economy, gender studies, pedagogy, media, sport and other perspectives. Below is a list of the creative sector of the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport, which we will compare with the creative sector list presented by John Howkin.

Karl Marx, who opposed different classes, raised workers class greater or lesser creative role in society. For example, the class of workers is destined to recreate the social environment in a revolutionary way. Marx reflected the industrial society with all its contradictions and clashes. The post-industrial society, often called as the creative society, is no less contradictory, and the larger or smaller creative aspirations were held by all influential historical classes and creatures.

The main theorist of creative class is R. Florida. Scholars develop this concept by appealing to economic growth, political studies, regional studies etc.

Read the full publication here

The creative sector and class of society
Download • 498KB

Written by

Tomas Kačerauskas, Team Leader of CSB project - Professor and Head of the Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies at VGTU of Vilnius (Lithuania).



Tomsk State University Journal of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science, n.57, 2020.

95 views0 comments
bottom of page