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The presidency of the Council of the EU. A rotating presidency

Updated: Nov 14, 2020

The presidency of the Council rotates among the EU member states every 6 months. During this 6-month period, the presidency chairs meetings at every level in the Council, helping to ensure the continuity of the EU's work in the Council.

Member states holding the presidency work together closely in groups of three, called 'trios'. This system was introduced by the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. The trio sets long-term goals and prepares a common agenda determining the topics and major issues that will be addressed by the Council over an 18 month period. On the basis of this programme, each of the three countries prepares its own more detailed 6-month programme.

The current trio is made up of the presidencies of the Germany, Portugal and Slovenia.

After Croatia in the first semester 2020, it's the turn of Germany's presidency in the period 1 July - 31 December.

Remembering that our Croatian partner, the University of Split, in specific the Faculty of Economy, Business and Tourism contributed to the presidency action through the WIRE XI 2020 conference promoted by CSB partners with all the project's channels last week, now the EU Member States entered in a new phase with the German turn.

The priorities of Germany's presidency are driven by its motto: "Together for Europe’s recovery".

The presidency programme focuses on six main areas:

  • overcoming the consequences of the coronavirus crisis for the long-term as well as economic and social recovery

  • a stronger and more innovative Europe

  • a fair Europe

  • a sustainable Europe

  • a Europe of security and common values

  • a strong Europe in the world

The German presidency of the Council of the EU will focus directly on overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic. Fighting the spread of the virus, supporting the European economy to recover and reinforcing social cohesion in Europe. In order to achieve this, Germany is committed to joint approved action, European solidarity and common values.​

The tasks of the presidency

The presidency is responsible for driving forward the Council's work on EU legislation, ensuring the continuity of the EU agenda, orderly legislative processes and cooperation among member states. To do this, the presidency must act as an honest and neutral broker.

The presidency has two main tasks:

1. Planning and chairing meetings in the Council and its preparatory bodies

The presidency chairs meetings of the different Council configurations (with the exception of the Foreign Affairs Council) and the Council's preparatory bodies, which include permanent committees such as the Permanent Representatives Committee (Coreper), and working parties and committees dealing with very specific subjects.

The presidency ensures that discussions are conducted properly and that the Council's rules of procedure and working methods are correctly applied.

It also organises various formal and informal meetings in Brussels and in the country of the rotating presidency.

2. Representing the Council in relations with the other EU institutions

The presidency represents the Council in relations with the other EU institutions, particularly with the Commission and the European Parliament. Its role is to try and reach agreement on legislative files through trilogues, informal negotiation meetings and Conciliation Committee meetings.

The presidency works in close coordination with:

  • the President of the European Council

  • the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

It supports their work and may sometimes be requested to perform certain duties for the high representative, such as representing the Foreign Affairs Council before the European Parliament or chairing the Foreign Affairs Council when it discusses common commercial policy issues.

Council 18-month programme, 1 July 2020
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