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This is how our world is changing

Updated: Jan 9, 2021

The world is not like before. Now the changes don't come every 100 or 50 years, but almost every ten years or less. It took the West almost 500 years to move from the concept of representative democracies to the concept of participatory democracies, and this concept is being embraced by many other countries. At the same time, in Western European countries, the view has been laid that there are not only two sides to the coin, but that there are options and that options can be considered not only in the short term but also in the long term. In developing countries and in emerging economies, the view of the confrontation between left and right has already given way to the views of the radical center; between liberals and conservatives, which has led to the role of the specialist, technician, intelligent and educated men in many countries, because the debate between liberalism neo-liberalism had badly distorted the role of the specialist and intelligence nationally and internationally.

These developments make both the public and private sectors experience a huge leap forward in the minds of employers and employees regarding the hierarchy and the coordination and interconnection between managerial levels. Along with these political changes, the industrial society has already gradually given way to the information society and this in parallel with the change of technology from industrialization technology to information technology, which has greatly influenced the lifestyle not only in developed countries, but also in underdeveloped and developing countries.

Already, we are moving beyond the views of the traditional economy, which to date has been represented by two perspectives, business cycle theory, which looks at the solution in the balance of unemployment, and fiscal system management theory, looking at the solution in relationships between production, consumption, savings and investment. Already, the (mostly conservative) view of economic development has looked to alternative economies, which are local solutions for global access. The economies of particular countries are already more intertwined and with an even greater impact on the global economy, an economy which has experienced real development. Besides the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Union are the economies of Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and Malaysia, which have grown significantly in the last 30 years, in parallel with the economies of the BRICS’ countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). From these countries, China is a very powerful political, economic, social, cultural, sports, etc. engine that is playing and will play an important role in today's and future developments.

It is precisely these economies in which decentralisation and privatisation have competed worthily with the concept of centralisation and hegemony of state activity. Already, there is a worldwide tendency for government-provided services to be replaced by services that can be provided by the private sector, due to rising global incomes and because smart governments have already given up on institutional aid to citizens, guided by the opportunity to be given to citizens and communities to be self-developed. Also, significantly in the above-mentioned countries, a gradual transition has been made from the concept of development only of large inhabited centers, to regional and sector’s development of the whole territory, with priority to suburban and rural areas.

The world is experiencing another renaissance, after the medieval European one and beyond. This is a re-birth in every aspect of life. Again, encouragement comes from the role that art, culture, and religion have. We are moving from the apparent confrontation between global lifestyle and cultural nationalism. This is due to the free movement of people in a large part of the globe, a movement that has brought about confrontation in almost all aspects of life, overturning the concept of stereotype, a concept from which the citizens of underdeveloped countries have suffered the most and in progress. To this movement, in social and economic terms, is added the global increase in the role of women, who are already competing worthily with men in the profession and leadership.

The changes we face every day are of a variety of natures, but can generally be summarised in the tendency of systems to be sustainable, complete and perfected, and the tendency for systems that cannot be improved to be completed and perfected, dismantled, and no longer usable, systems that rely largely on the strong hand of the leader and the old-fashioned leadership, which does not smell the change. This is directly related to the fundamental global trend for emancipation of the human thought, taking care that this emancipation does not exceed the limits of the impossible, goals that were previously non respected by violating ethics, morality, law and religious belief, considering that in the period of 1965 - 2005 seems to have been deficient and / or absent in many countries and societies and cultures.

Due to the weakening of clear lines at the hierarchical levels, there is a tendency for a balance of the command chain from top to bottom with that of getting thoughts and views and ideas even from the bottom up. It seems that we are moving towards a trend where everyone will have the opportunity to develop intellectually and economically, but there will always be individuals among the crowd who will be more successful, who will not be prevented from moving forward, and not only because the system such people are needed, but also for the fact that the system cannot control its entirety. That is why it is so important that to go to ocean everyone needs to have their feet burned by the hot sand, which means that society and the system are already so intelligent that they make every effort to prevent overcoming of individuals from one level to another, without having value and without bringing innovation to their activity. As above, it is moving in parallel with the worldwide expectation that creative and developmental leaven will be promoted at all levels of education, which is exactly what post-medieval Europe called freedom, equality and justice.

Galloping developments in the chemical industry of the 1950s and 1980s, biotechnologies, the invention of various artificial substances, the rapid development of the pharmaceutical industry, etc., have already given way to the care of these technologies both in terms of protecting the human being and in environmental protection.

The economic and financial crisis of 2008 and the medical crisis caused by the rapid spread of the Covid-19 virus worldwide have shown that the old political, economic, social, medical, health, climate, environmental, cultural, anthropological, etc. approaches have been unable to predict and therefore, societies, countries, states, nations and regions have not been able to construct instruments, institutions and mechanisms to prevent catastrophic situations.

The approach required is related to the mentality at the societal level. If society really wants change, then liberal approach seems redundant. Time demands that for a long time the conservative approach predominate in national, regional and wider developments. It is clear that the global trend is breaking old chains that, although stable until recently, are no longer as strong and capable of withstanding the pressure of change required by much of human society, including society, where the Albanian society has its shares.


written by Prof. Enriko Ceko, Lecturer at the Economics and Social Sciences Faculty at Wisdom University College of Tirana (Albania).

Lecturer on behalf of the "CSB pilot course" core activity of the Erasmus Plus K203 Project "Cultural Studies in Business".

Published on April 1, 2020 on LINKEDIN -

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